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Guide To Dementia Home Health Care

May 15, 2016 | Author: | Posted in Health & Fitness

Dementia is a condition which involves memory loss and behavioral issues. It is more common in people over 75 years of age and requires comprehensive health care. Caregivers and family members should strive to create a safe and healthy environment for Dementia patients. They need to be more careful while dealing with them. It is important to understand the likes and dislikes of the patient to help them cope up with the condition.

Here are a few home health care tips that Dementia caregivers can follow:

  • Daily Routine: Developing a daily routine can be beneficial for Dementia patients as it may help in avoiding confusions. You should analyze the part of the day when they are most active and plan major activities accordingly. Having consistent times of waking up, bathing, dressing and sleeping can help the patient become more organized. You may also include exercises in the daily routine as they may keep them healthy and improve their quality of life.

  • Encourage independence: You may follow the technique of graded assistance which includes offering minimum aid to the patient and encouraging him to perform the tasks independently.

  • Recreational activities: Caregivers should know the interest of the patients and plan activities accordingly. For example, reading and listening to music may provide relaxation to their mind. Such activities can also be beneficial in lowering aggressive behavior associated with Dementia.

  • Respond with affection and reassurance: A Dementia patient may find himself confused and unsure of what he is speaking. Make sure you do not argue with him and respond with affection as well as patience. Being violent or impolite can have a negative impact on the health of the patient.

  • Communicate with him: You should limit the use of radio, TV and minimize all other distractions while having a conversation with the patient. Make sure you use simple sentences so that it easy for him to understand. Communicating may help in reducing loneliness and depression.

  • Serve small meals and snacks: Instead of serving heavy meals, opt for small meals at regular intervals of time. You should provide meals that look appealing and serve it with the requisite utensils such as spoons, bowls, cups etc. to make it easy for him to eat.

  • Dressing Assistance: You should choose the clothes according to the interest of the patients. The clothing should be comfortable to wear and arranged in an organized manner so that it may be easy to select on a daily basis. In case the patient is not able to wear clothes himself, assistance may be provided.

  • Sleeping habits: You should avoid giving food items such as coffee, tea, soda etc. at night as these can prove to be a hindrance in getting a sound sleep. Having a fixed bed time reduces restlessness and improve the patient’s health.

  • Safety: In order to maintain the safety of the Dementia patient, you should install strong locks on all exits such as windows and doors. Objects that can be potentially harmful should be kept away from sight.

You can also move your loved one to an assisted living home as the caregivers are professionally trained to look after Dementia patients. They take care of the personal hygiene and also provide timely medication to each patient.

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The author is a senior care consultant who specializes in mental health and long term care for seniors in Texas.

This author has published 5 articles so far.