Floor plans are diagrams that provide the top view of a building’s layout. It includes the location of interior and exterior walls, windows, door frames and any built in amenities such as closets, cabinetry etc. Floor plans may also include other elements such as electrical outlets and overhead beams.
Floor plans can be drafted to scale, which means reducing the size of a drawing so that the whole room can be fit into a single sheet. A common measuring unit used is inch; ¼-inch is equivalent to 1 foot. This means if something is drawn ¼ inch long in a floor plan, it is actually 1 foot long. A floor plan is not a blue print or construction plan. To build a house, you need a complete set of construction plans that includes floor plans, cross section drawings, electrical plans, elevation drawings and other diagrams.
In this article, let us discuss the different types of kitchen floor plans
U-shaped kitchen: This floor plan has two parallel cabinet areas with a third area joining them, forming an arrangement similar to ‘U’. A different type of work area will be on each section which can be divided for cooking, sink and refrigeration purposes. This can be a convenient arrangement for those who move between the various areas.
Parallel or galley kitchen: This type of floor plan offers two parallel cabinet work areas, typically with a wall at the end, so that the traffic does not go through the kitchen. Atleast two work areas will be on the same side. Depending on the size of the aisle, the arrangement will suit only one cook.
G-shaped kitchen: This floor plan is a wide U shaped kitchen, with a fourth arm turning back into the center of the space. This results in a fairly tight work area restricting the movement. This type of kitchen floor plan can be made only if secondary work areas are planned along the outer arms.
L-Shaped kitchen: This arrangement has two arms and the work areas are joined at one end to form an L-shape. This type of kitchen plan offers the flexibility of two persons to work on each side. The open side of the arrangement can be utilized as a dining space or for a seating arrangement.
One wall kitchen: This arrangement puts all the partition or walls in the work areas into one wall. It can be an inconvenient kitchen because of the huge distance between the work centers on opposite sides of the wall.
Corridor kitchen: This arrangement is similar to the parallel kitchen, except that both the ends are open. This enables traffic through both the work areas.
A well designed floor plan for your kitchen is not about having trendy appliances. It is about a kitchen that is structured well for the needs of the family and effectively fits their lifestyle. Before going for your ideal kitchen floor plan, you need to:
• Measure the lengths and heights of all the walls in your existing floor plans as well the general perimeter and shape of the kitchen.
• Measure the height and width of the kitchen doors and windows.
• Research and review the National Kitchen and Bath Association (NKBA) guidelines for kitchen design. They provide principles that give you a more functional work space.
• Consider the traffic that moves in the house and what role the kitchen plays in the movement.
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