In India, Clay Crafts is an ancient art, almost more than 1000 years has pasted by making and using these earthen handicraft materials. The leftovers of clay pottery were found in Indus Valley Civilizations. In ancient period also there were highly skilled potters who were present even in ancient India. Red Ware was the most prevalent clay craft in the Vedic period. According to mythologies and traditions clay art was invented by the Potter. Potter the synonym of Prajapati is also respected as Lord Brahma, the creator, he created human beings from clay. According to mythology, when Lord Shiva came to marry Sati, a pot was needed at that time so the earthen pot was discovered. So Lord Shiva took two beads from his necklace and gave birth to a male and female forms who are the first moulder of “Kumbha”. So the potter is also known as kumhaar. Clay is very difficult material to control and the potter has to be continuously hardworking from beginning to end, to avoid damage or breakage. The ending fire which will turn plastic clay into the permanent soil is the most dangerous and risky task of all.
The pottery has been given a name of lyrics of handicraft because of its tempting and universal appeal. Being largely used for decorative and appliances in rural regions of India. The traditional potters had been working on their controls and had been reinventing numerous items of clay products to provide to domestic and religious needs of the public. The techniques have been not changed of production of earthen handicrafts , but they have been able to satisfy the rising needs of the people and enjoyed a very respectable place in the village community. Domestic pottery is still being fashioned in various shapes and sizes and is devoted from any Indian scene. An Indian woman is familiarized to place an exceptional pot in her hand for almost all special purpose. The soil Bankura horse of Bengal is moderately famous all over the world. Visit any village in this state and you are bound to find the kumbhakars (potters) creating items of daily use on the potter’s wheel.
The foundation of their raw material is the rich, alluvial clay originates in Bengal’s rivers. These are shaped and ablaze in simple kilns. From pots, containers, plates for food to toys and ritual ornaments, the Bengal potter moulds it all. There are a wide variety of clay crafts in India. For example the Bengali Surai or the common jug, the Kagzi or paper pottery of Alwar, the painted pottery of Bikaner, the colorful Khurja pottery of Uttar Pradesh, the variation of clay ware in Himachal Pradesh like gidya, patri and narale, the beautiful pottery of Saurashtra, the earthen ware of Srinagar. The exclusive Karigari pottery of south Arcot also enhances the clay craft of India. Some other widespread potteries of India are the Blue Pottery of Jaipur, Pokran Pottery and much more. In the present age, Pottery has expanded into a number of branches. Clay figures of Lucknow signify characters of different races and tribes of Oudh. Wall brackets, vases, clock-cases, and other articles are contrived out of clay. They are in a degenerate style that is demonstrated after the Italian work which is found all over Lucknow. Clay figures painted and dressed up in muslins, silks and tinsels are modelled at Kolkata, Lucknow, and Pune.
Pradeep N is the writer of this article, exploring the Indian handicrafts with his online platform utsavkraft.com, he loves to gather information and collect different types of indian handicrafts and showcasing the rich heritage of India.This author has published 2 articles so far.