Bone Grafting is a surgical process used to repair problems with bones or joints. Bone grafting, or transplanting of bone tissue, is useful in preservative bones that are damaged from pains, or joints problems. It is also useful for growing bone around an implanted method, such as a total knee replacement. A bone graft may fill an invalid place where the bone is absent or help to provide essential stability.
The two most common types of bone grafts are:
? An allograft uses bone from a lifeless donor or a body that has been cleaned and stored in a tissue bank.
? An autograft originates from a bone inside your bodies, such as your ribs, hips, pelvis, or wrist.
The type of graft used depends on the type of injury your surgeon will be restoring. Allografts method is generally used in hip, knee, or long bone restoration. Long bones include arms and legs. The advantages are there is no supplementary surgery needed to obtain the bone. It also decreases your risk of infection since additional scratches or surgery are not required.
Why is Bone Grafting Performed?
Bone Grafting is done for many reasons such as diseases or because of any injury.
There are mainly Four Major Reasons for Born Grafting:
1. A bone graft treatment may be used in the situation of several or compound fractures or those that don’t heal well after early treatment.
2. Fusion helps two bones heal together across a diseased combined. Fusion is most often done on the backbone.
3. Restoration is used for bone lost due to disease, infection, or injury. This can include using small amounts of bone in bone cavities or large sections of bones.
4. A graft can be used to help the bone heal around surgically rooted devices, like joint replacements, plates, or screws.
Risk Involve in Bone Grafting –
1. A Major Risk of Bone Grafting is that the sinus membrane could be impaled or torn. In some cases, the surgery is stopped overall and the scratch is given time to rectify, generally three to six months. Frequently, the sinus membrane develops back thicker and stronger, making success more likely on the second operation.
2. Besides ripping of the sinus membrane, there are other risks with are problematic in sinus augmentation surgery. Most remarkably, the close association of the augmentation place with the sinonasal complex can make sinusitis, which may chronic and root simple symptoms.
Beside sinusitis, among other procedure related-risks, include:
• Allergic reaction
• Tissue or nerve damage
• Mark formation
• Implant failure
• Oro-antral communication / oro-antral fistula
• Leaning or loosening of implants
Victor Hajko is the professional dental surgeon at Hungary Dental Implants in London. He is giving best and relaxable services in his dentistry. He is written many articles and exploring best view and innovativeness in all on 4 or dental implants treatment.This author has published 4 articles so far.